Dreadlocks Are Entangled With Beliefs About Danger In Nigeria


And it is not always positive focus. Many Nigerians, irrespective of their status and education, see dreadlocked men too hazardous. The hairstyle occasionally even receives a violent response.

This prejudice is suspended in traditional spiritual myths and beliefs, particularly those of the Yoruba and Igbo men and women. https://pandakasino.com/lotus-4d/

My publication on the symbolism of dreadlocks at Yoruba land attempts to describe what knotted hair means to Yoruba people, and where those thoughts come from. Numbering approximately 40 million, Yoruba individuals mostly occupy southwestern Nigeria. From the diaspora, they’re significantly within the USA, Brazil, Cuba, Haiti, and the Caribbean.

An Affront To Society Orderliness

A favorite term used by Yoruba people to explain dreadlocks is “a crazy individual’s hair”. The speech also has an idiom that reveals how folks feel about insanity. (What’s the cure for insanity?) And receive the answer, “egba ni ogun have been” (whip is your cure for insanity).

Mentally disturbed individuals often wear dreadlocks because of fail. As they’re unpredictable, they are avoided since they roam the roads, and occasionally defeated. Their knotted hair reveal disharmony with the neighborhood; being unkempt and unruly, they’re seen as an affront to social standard of orderliness.

Mature men with dreadlocks are seen equally. They’re perceived as dangerous and volatile. Thus, they are connected with the jungle; uncultivated and unruly. In traditional Yoruba and Igbo worldview, unkempt hair really is comparable to the woods — cryptic, dark, and also to be avoided.

There are exceptions: athletes and musicians that use these hairstyles are “tolerated” since they’re presumed to be imagining a character that matches their own brand. Basically, theirs is a temporary trend statement. And since they’re successful and famous, they are protected from attacks on the roads.

Dark And Terrifying By Convention

They return in the community with unnatural forces, odd mannerisms, and occasionally knotted hair. Since they oppose the spiritual and physical worlds, it’s thought they can differentiate the fate of the others and can negatively affect them.

These knotted-haired men and women are averted, more so when their dreadlocks are greying since “normal” mature Igbo and Yoruba men shave their heads entirely they cut their hair quite short. Deviating hairstyles have been viewed suspiciously.

Unlike mature men, kids born with knotted hair are admired and recognized as a gift of the gods rather than a product of the crazy. Dada is reported to be among those deified Yoruba kings.

Children-dada are thought to function as religious beings and descendants of their gods by virtue of the dreadlocks. Therefore, their hair isn’t to be dressed and may only be touched with their own moms. They’re celebrated.

Their time in the world is unique. It’s marked by particular rites that specify various stages of life. In almost all circumstances, their hair is shaved prior to puberty so as to incorporate them in the community. The shaving ritual occurs in a river, in which the shaved head is washed. The trimming hair is subsequently kept in a bud containing medicinal water and oils in the river. The mixture is thought to possess curative properties and necessary when they fall sick.

The youngster is still recognized as mysterious and special but has become incorporated into society. The visible indication of the spirituality is no more present. Any grownup, so, who wears their dreadlocks is deemed to have been possessed by evil forces, or chose to do this malevolently; in case, hazardous.

Challenges To The Civilization

Despite their negative relationships, dreadlocks improved in Nigeria’s spiritual and popular cultures in the 1960s. Itinerant priests of the Celestial Church of Christ look in white dresses and knotted hair. The famed musician and gifted artist from Osogbo, Twin Seven Seven, performed on television and stage along with his dreadlocks and white dress. He had been the only survivor of seven (believed a mysterious amount in Yoruba heritage) sets of twins.

Yoruba land gets the highest speed of twins on the planet. Twins are thought to be spiritual beings, therefore they’re also respected and celebrated. Being a twin, using knotted hair, also just wearing white clothing (such as the god or gods), additional mystified Twin Seven-Seven in popular creativity and fanciful tales about him disperse. By way of instance, it was stated he was raised from the woods by religious beings, thus his creative creativity and hairstyle.

From the 1970s and 80s, other Nigerian musicians such as Majek Fashek were motivated by the popularity of Jamaican reggae artists to start styling their hair the exact same manner.

With these exceptions, most adults with hair thinning hair are judged deviant beings that have become conduits for wicked. As it’s tough to distinguish between adults sporting dreadlocks as style statement from people with “wicked dreadlocks”, individuals either hail out of them or attack them from fear and self preservation.

Tutu’s Activism For Justice Ahows How Theology Can Come True

Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu

Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu is famous for his work and life.

He’s also famous for his role as the chairperson of this Truth and Reconciliation Commission where he endeavoured to help cure the state as its father confessor; and ultimately at a frequently deferred retirement, because a respected international elder in trying to resolve both the local and worldwide conflicts.

Where can you even start to begin writing in admiration of such a individual and such a life? Luckily, my job was defined for me personally. I’ve been asked to write about his theology, an odd request, but significant nonetheless, given that what Tutu has done and said was shaped, not by political comprehension and ambition, or from ecclesiastical pursuits, but by his own faith in God, in other words, by his own theology.

Spiritual Leader

However, his profound spirituality isn’t and hasn’t become the piety of a spiritual ghetto; just the contrary.

This was this that prompted his involvement in seeking justice for the downtrodden and encouraging the liberation battle. It was this that gave him the guts to face political disagreements, stand up to abuse from inside his own church, and direct protest marches at the face of overwhelming screens of state authority.

Functionaries of the apartheid country in addition to those of our existing authorities who misuse their power, seem decidedly tawdry together with the Arch. They’re no match because of his moral authority, his religious thickness, or his theological wisdom. Nor can they contend with his humility, humour or humankind.

Critics who label him a priest, completely misunderstand him. Tutu is politically astute, but he’s had no political aspirations, nor is or was he a part of any political party.

Reconciliatory Ministry

His social participation began because he celebrated the Eucharist, listening to the silence to identify what had to be done and said in the public arena.

It goes without mentioning that Tutu was well versed in the doctrines of Christian religion. Specifically he had a deep Comprehension of the incarnational nature of Christianity.

Therefore, he emphasized that the incarnational and reconciling ministry of this church in the life span of earth. He uttered the picture of God imprinted on the surface of all human beings, also considered that despite their own sins, none had been beyond redemption. Thus the inclusive embrace of those other are essential to human and societal well-being.

His favorite theological motif was that the Transfiguration, a sign of hope and encouragement in times of inexplicable grief once the cross looms big and suffering becomes unavoidable although possibly redemptive. Tutu drank deeply from the wells of the prophets whose words prompted his own because he contested wicked, spoke truth to power along with words of hope into the helpless.

All the time, he had been drawn deeper into the mystery of God because he journeyed to the anguish of individuals and seeking to locate significance in the darkest of times. On one occasion, in talking about the untimely passing of a young Christian chief, he cried out

That’s if theology gets real — if the word God becomes hard to complete, when God is seemingly absent. It’s in the cross that religion is born. That’s the religion of Desmond Tutu; the faith that allowed him to battle injustice and supply leadership in the battle against oppression.

The Energy of A Song In A Strange Land

The Energy of A Song In A Strange Land

By the moment of capture, during the treacherous middle passage, following the last sale and during life in North America, the experience of enslaved Africans who initially arrived in Jamestown, Virginia, some 400 decades back, was characterized by reduction, abuse and terror.

Occasionally referred to as servant songs, jubilees and sorrow tunes, spirituals were made from, and talked directly to the black experience in the USA before the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, which declared all slaves free.

West African Origins

Spirituals are part of my entire life from youth. In tiny churches in Virginia and North Carolina, we sang the music of our ancestors drawing strength and trust. I moved to research, play, and instruct the religious for over 40 years to individuals across the U.S. and at a variety of areas of the planet.

Despite efforts, white slave-owners couldn’t strip Africans of the civilization. In spite of a new vocabulary, English, and with no recognizable tools, the enslaved individuals turned into the peculiarities of African American musical expressions to the African American audio.

Rhythms were complicated and marked with syncopation, an emphasis to the weak beat. Call-and-response, a method suspended in sub-Saharan West African civilization, was often employed in spirituals. Call-and-response is very similar to a conversation — that the chief creates a statement or asks a question as well as others respond or expound.

A good instance of that is the religious, Surely Lord. The chief excitedly questions, “Do you have great faith?” And many others jubilantly respond, “Surely, Lord.” Using repetition and improvisation, the dialogue continues to build until everybody exclaims, “surely, surely, surely, Lord!”

As early as 1739 from the British colonies, drums were banned by legislation and characterized as firearms in an effort to prevent slaves from developing community and inciting rebellion.

Because of this, enslaved people “played with” drum patterns around the human body. Hands clapped, feet stomped bodies swayed and mouths supplied complex rhythmic patterns. This may be seen in Hambone, an illustration of improvised body audio.

Oral Tradition

Some spirituals were derived from African American melodies. Others were “brand new,” publicly written tunes using a melodic phrase borrowed from here along with a rhythmic pattern out there — all united to make an exceptionally abbreviated form.

The spiritual was profoundly rooted in the oral tradition and frequently created, an individual beginning a song and another linking until a new tune was inserted into the neighborhood repertoire.

“It is hard to express the whole character of the negro ballads by only musical notes and hints,” she explained. “The strange turns made from the throat; the most inquisitive rhythmic effect generated by single voices chiming in at distinct irregular periods, look nearly as impossible to put score”.

Textually, the religious drew in the Hebrew-Christian Bible, especially the Old Testament, with its tales of deliverance and liberation. Songs such as “Go Down Moses” direct the awaited deliverer to “return” into Southern plantations and “inform ole Pharaoh” — both the pros — to “let my people go”

Songs of Survival

For the slaves, the religious proved to be an ingenious instrument utilized to cancel senseless brutality along with the refusal of personhood. To be able to survive emotionally, endurance has been crucial. From the spirituals, slaves sang their battle, weariness, solitude, sorrow, hope, and conviction to get a new and improved life.

Yet these aren’t songs of anger.

Interspersed within these apparently impossible texts are phrases which reflect the heart trust: that the words “true apology ” amid the recognition that “sometimes I feel like a motherless child,” such as; and “glory, hallelujah” interjected following the text, then”nobody knows the trouble I see.

Songs announcing, “I have up a crown within a dat kingdom. Ain’t a dat great news” surfaced the certainty of a future aspire entirely unlike the daily reality of enslavement.

Individuals whose every motion was ordered audaciously announced, “I have shoes. You have got shoes. When I get to heaven wear my sneakers, walk over God’s heaven.”

Spirituals were not simply religious songs.

They have been used to arrange covert meetings and declare actions of the Underground Railroad. By way of instance, songs such as “Good Camp Meeting,” were used to announce when covert gatherings were being proposed.

The religious functioned as a mediator between the dissonance of both oppression along with also the belief that there was “a glowing side someplace.”

Four hundred years after the arrival of captivity, since the world struggles with racial division, injustice and a feeling of despair, and spirituals can instruct how to build confidence in the face of grief and challenge the status quo.